New Forces in Mind Trust award: King’s College London to compare the offending behaviour, mental health and welfare needs of UK veterans with those of the general population

A grant of £94,779 has been awarded to King’s College London (KCL), for a 12-month study into offending behaviour, mental health and the welfare needs of ex-Service personnel entering the criminal justice system, and to compare this to general population offenders.

Although the majority of those leaving the armed forces successfully transition into military life, a minority have a bleaker outlook and find themselves involved in the Criminal Justice System (CJS), sometimes as a result of health, behavioural and social problems.  Until now, there has been limited opportunity to explore the nature and needs of veterans in the CJS and to directly compare with offenders who have not served in the military.

The aim of this study is to examine national court liaison and diversion service data to provide new understanding of offending behaviour, mental health and welfare needs of veterans entering the criminal justice system compared to general population offenders. This will help to inform policy and practice in the field of ex-Armed Forces offender health and welfare.

The 12-month project will be conducted by Dr Deirdre MacManus, Clinical Senior Lecturer and Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, and Professor Neil Greenberg, both at King’s College London.

Dr Deirdre MacManus said: “We know that a small but significant subgroup of ex-military personnel end up in the Criminal Justice System. It is important for us to understand their welfare, mental health and offender needs in order to provide the most appropriate support to this population to cut the cycle of offending. We’re delighted that FiMT have awarded us the funding we need to undertake this timely research.”

Ray Lock, Chief Executive of the Forces in Mind Trust, said: “We know that, sadly, some ex-Service personnel end up within the Criminal Justice System and we currently lack a full understanding of the differences, if any, in their offending behaviour, mental health and welfare needs system compared to those of the general population.  This study will provide an essential insight into veterans’ needs compared to those of non-veterans.  This chimes with the Armed Forces Covenant principle of ensuring no disadvantage due to military service.  The findings from will be of particular interest to the NHS and the Ministry of Justice, who will consequently be able better plan and provide for those veterans who do find themselves in contact with the criminal justice system, thus supporting Forces in Mind Trust’s strategy to provide an evidence base with which to influence policy makers and service deliverers.”


Ray Lock is available for interviews.  To arrange an interview please contact Kerrie Josephs at or on 07788 540 924 or 0207 284 6941 or Kate Turner at or on 07919 887 036 or 0207 284 6944.

About the Forces in Mind Trust (FiMT):

FiMT came about from a partnership between the Big Lottery Fund (‘the Fund’), Cobseo (The Confederation of Service Charities) and other charities and organisations.  FiMT continues the Fund’s long-standing legacy of support for veterans across the UK with an endowment of £35 million awarded in 2012.

The mission of FiMT is to enable ex-Service personnel and their families make a successful and sustainable transition to civilian life, and it delivers this mission by generating an evidence base that influences and underpins policy making and service delivery.

FiMT awards grants (for both responsive and commissioned work) to support its change model around 6 outcomes in the following areas: Housing; Employment; Health and wellbeing; Finance; Criminal Justice System; and Relationships.

All work is published in open access and hosted on the Veterans’ Research Hub.  A high standard of reportage is demanded of all grant holders so as to provide a credible evidence base from which better informed decisions can be made.

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